State Baiting Regulations

This list contains excerpts from published state regulation guides on feeding and/or baiting deer. Please note that if baiting or feeding is prohibited during the hunting season, it may be allowable to use Lucky Buck during the growth season starting in the spring and leading up to the fall hunting seasons. Regulations may be changed or revoked by your state at any time. It is your responsibility to check with your state government for an up-to-date interpretation.

This information was last collected and updated in its entirety on 10-14-2017.

Alabama

Despite what many have heard or seen on social media, the “Baiting Bill” did not pass this year. So, for the 2017-18 hunting season, the “Area Definition” is still in effect. Regulation 220-2-.157, “as it applies to the hunting of deer and feral swine, there shall be a rebuttable presumption that any bait or feed located beyond 100 yards from the hunter and not within the line of sight of the hunter, is not a lure, attraction, or enticement to, on, or over the area where the hunter is attempting to kill or take the deer or feral swine. “Not...

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Arizona

On National Wildlife Refuges - pits, permanent blinds and stands; trail or scouting cameras; and baiting are prohibited. (pg 96)On Parashant National Monument - feeding or baiting of wildlife is prohibited. (pg 98)Using edible or ingestible substances, other than water or salt/mineral products produced for the livestock industry, to aid in the taking of big game is unlawful. (pg 104) SourcePhone: 602-942-3000

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Arkansas

It is unlawful to feed wildlife within the CWD Management Zone, except:-Bait may be used to hunt deer and elk on private land from Sept. 1-Dec. 31. (page 7) Baiting is defined as the direct or indirect placing, exposing, depositing, distributing or scattering of salt, grain or other feed that could serve as a lure or an attraction for wildlife to, on or over any areas where hunters are attempting to take them. It is legal to feed wildlife, with these exceptions: -Baiting is not allowed on wildlife management areas.-Deer and elk may be hunted over bait in the CWD Management...

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Colorado

It is against the law to Hunt big game over bait, whether or not the person hunting personally placed the bait. Bait means to put, expose, distribute or scatter salt, minerals, grain, animal parts or other food as an attraction for big game. Salt or mineral blocks used for normal agricultural purposes are not considered bait. Scent sticks that smell like food are illegal for bears. (pg 17)SourcePhone: 303-297-1192

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Connecticut

DEER HUNTING PROHIBITED ACTIVITY: Taking or attempting to take any deer with the aid of real or artificial bait in Zones 1 to 10, or on state lands in Zones 11 and 12. (Any food, mineral, or chemical product designed to be eaten by deer is considered bait.) (pg 26)Where baiting of deer is permitted, it is strongly recommended that individuals consult with landowners prior to placing bait. (pg 35) Attractants allowed during the statewide deer hunting seasons.• Deer decoys during the early and late archery seasons only.• All types of scent attractants (i.e., doe in heat, buck lure, urine,...

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Delaware

...bait may be used to hunt deer on privately-owned lands. (pg 12)SourcePhone: 302-739-9912

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Florida

Prohibited methods and equipment for taking game mammals and resident game birds:-Placing, exposing or distributing soporific, anesthetic, tranquilizer, hypnotic or similar drugs or chemicals; preparation by baits; or by other means where game birds or game animals may be affected (pg 28) Taking game on lands or waters upon which corn, wheat, grain, food or other substances have been deposited by means other than normal agricultural harvesting or planting is prohibited, except as noted below.■ Non-migratory game may be hunted in proximity of year-round game-feeding stations on private lands, provided the feeding station has been maintained with feed for at...

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Georgia

BAITINGBait: corn, wheat, other grains, salts, apples, and other feed that has been placed, exposed, deposited, distributed, or scattered so as to constitute a lure, attraction, or enticement to gameanimals or game birds.IT IS UNLAWFUL FOR ANY PERSON TO:•Hunt any game animal (except as noted below) or game bird upon, over, around, or near bait.•Hunt any area for a period of 10 days following complete removal of all bait.•Hunt any big game or feral hog over bait or place bait on any State or Federal managed lands.•Place bait in a manner that will cause hunting on an adjacent property to...

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Idaho

It is unlawful... To hunt any game animal/bird by means of baiting with grain, salt in any form (liquid or solid), or any other substance (not to include liquid scents) to constitute an attraction or enticement, with the exception of applicable rules for the black bear baiting permit. (pg 41)SourcePhone: 208-334-3700

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Illinois

It is unlawful to make available food, salt, mineral blocks or other products for ingestion by wild deer or other wildlife in areas where wild deer are present at any time. Except:• elevated bird/squirrel feeders providing seed, grain, fruit, worms or suet for birds or squirrels located within 100 feet of a dwelling devoted to human occupancy.• incidental feeding of wildlife within active livestock operations.• feeding of wild animals, other than wild deer, by hand as long as a reasonable attempt is made to clean up unconsumed food.• feeders for wildlife other than deer so long as deer are excluded...

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Indiana

Bait definition: Food that is transported or placed for consumption, including but not limited to piles of corn and apples placed in the field; a prepared solid or liquid that is manufactured and intended for consumption by livestock or wild deer, such as commercial baits and food supplements; salt; or mineral supplements. (pg 6) It is illegal to use bait, salt, snares, dogs or other domesticated animals to take deer. Bait is considered any product that is transported into a hunting area and placed there for animal consumption. Baits can be in the form of salt, mineral blocks, prepared solid...

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Iowa

You may not use dogs, domestic animals, bait, ...to hunt deer. ...Bait means grain, fruit, vegetables, nuts, hay, salt, mineral blocks, or any other natural food materials, commercial products containing natural food materials, or by-products of such materials transported to or placed in an area for the purpose of attracting wildlife. Bait does not include livestock feed placed during normal agricultural activities. (pg 30) SourcePhone: 515-281-5918

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Kansas

It is legal to bait deer, turkey, and other non-migratory game animals on private lands. It is not legal to bait while hunting or preparing to hunt on department or WIHA lands. (pg 6) Baiting, feeding, and concentrating deer is not advised. (pg 17) See Kansas CWD map and other info on page 17. SourcePhone: 785-296-2281

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Kentucky

Baiting is prohibited on all WMAs, Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area, Daniel Boone National Forest, Jefferson National Forest, Land Between The Lakes and state parks open to hunting. (pg 9) Wild turkey or bears shall not be hunted by the aid of bait, nor shall areas be hunted where bait is present. This includes private lands baited for deer. An area is considered baited for 30 days after all bait has been removed. A baited area is any place where feed, grains orother substances capable of luring wild turkeys or bears have been placed. An area where...

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Louisiana

Baiting, hunting over bait, or possession of bait is prohibited on all WMAs EXCEPT bait may be kept in a vehicle traversing a WMA road or parked on a WMA road. Bait is defined as any substance used to attract game via ingestion.(pg 66) PROHIBITED ACTIVITY: Intentionally feeding, depositing, placing, distributing, exposing, scattering, or causing to be fed, deposited, placed, distributed, exposed, or scattered, raw sweet potatoes to wild game quadrupeds (pg 44) SourcePhone: 318-371-3049

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Maine

Baiting deer by placing salt or any other bait or food to entice deer or hunting from an observation stand or blind overlooking salt, grain, fruit, nuts or other foods known to be attractive to deer, during any open hunting season on deer is prohibited. (Does not apply to hunting from an observation stand or blind overlooking: standing crops; foods that have been left as a result of normal agricultural operations or as a result of natural occurrence; or bear bait that has been placed at a bear hunting stand or blind in accordance with bear baiting laws.) SourcePhone: 207-287-8000...

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Maryland

It is legal to bait deer except on state owned or state-controlled properties. (pg 8)It is illegal to place bait for hunting on state lands. (pg 53)ARCHERY HUNTING AT LIBERTY, LOCH RAVEN, & PRETTYBOY RESERVOIRS: It is illegal to bait for deer. (pg 63) Source Phone: 410-260-8367

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Massachusetts

BAITING OF DEER is prohibited during any deer season and any bait made available to deer must be removed 10 days prior to the opening of the first day of archery deer season. Bait includes any natural or artificial substance which may be ingested that is used to entice deer. (pg 38) SourcePhone: 508-389-6326

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Michigan

Bait means a substance composed of grains, minerals, salt, fruits, vegetables, hay, or other food materials, which may lure, entice, or attract deer as an aid in hunting. Baiting is illegal in DMU 333 and DMU 419, as well as Alcona, Alpena, Clinton, Eaton, Ingham, Ionia, Montmorency, Oscoda, and Shiawassee counties. In the rest of Michigan, the following rules apply: • Baiting may occur only from Sept. 15 - Jan. 1. • Bait volume at any hunting site cannot exceed two gallons. • Bait dispersal must be over a minimum 10-foot by 10-foot area. • Bait must be scattered directly on...

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Minnesota

Hunters are not allowed to take deer with the aid or use of bait. “Taking” includes attempting to take.Definitions• Bait—includes grains, fruits, vegetables, nuts, hay, or other food that is capable of attracting or enticing deer and has been placed by a person.• Baiting—means placing, exposing, depositing, distributing, or scattering bait that is capable of attracting or enticing deer.What is bait? Liquid scents (example: doe in heat), sprays, salt, and minerals are not bait if they do not contain liquid or solid food products.Read the ingredient label on all products prior to use. Many products, including newer liquid, powder and...

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Mississippi

Hunting on National Forests in MS: Baiting and hunting over baited areas to attract wildlife is not allowed on national forest lands. No food plots may be placed on national forest land except by official personnel. (pg 30) General Hunting Regulations: It is illegal to hunt any wild animal or wild bird with the aid of live decoys or bait. Liquid scents may be used. (pg 34) SourcePhone: 601-432-2400

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Missouri

Migratory birds, turkey, and deer may not be hunted with the aid of bait. An area is considered baited for 10 days following complete removal of the bait. It is legal, however, to hunt over food plots (pg 13) SourcePhone: 573-751-4115

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Montana

It is illegal for anyone to hunt or attempt to hunt by the aid of or with the use of any bait, salt lick,trap, snare or set gun.Baiting shall mean the placing, exposing, depositing, distributing, or scattering of food sources or salt so as to constitute a lure or attraction. (pg 15)SourcePhone: 406-444-2452  

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Nebraska

It is illegal to establish a baited area from 10 days before the opening of any big game or turkey season and throughout those entire seasons for the purposes of taking big game or turkey. An area within 200 yards of bait is considered baited for 10 days following the removal of all bait. The hunter and the animal must be outside of a baited area. (pg 46)SourcePhone: 402-471-5442

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Nevada

A person may not bait big game mammals for the purpose of hunting; or knowingly hunt big game mammals that were baited by another person. Bait means the intentional placing, exposing, depositing, disturbing or scattering of salt, minerals, grain or any other food material, whether natural or manufactured, that could attract, entice or lure wildlife to an area. (pg 12)SourcePhone: 775-688-1500

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New Hampshire

In addition to all other applicable baiting rules, the following rules apply to baiting for deer (fordeer baiting season dates, see page 18):• No person, except a licensed N.H. Hunting Guide, shall place bait for the purpose of attracting and taking deer at more than 2 bait sites statewide.• No person shall place bait for the purpose of attracting and taking deer prior to the opening of the deer baiting season.• Persons holding a Disabled Veteran License or Paraplegic License may bait deer from September 15 through December 15, statewide. (pg 11) A baiting permit is required for any bait...

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New Jersey

Baiting is allowed for deer hunting. Hunters may hunt for deer while in a tree, on the ground or in a structure and from any height and any distance from the bait pile. Hunters should check with the landowner or administrative agency before placing bait on their hunting area as baiting is not allowed on properties such as national wildlife refuges. (pg 34) Pursuant to NJSA 23:4-24.2, no person shall kill, destroy, injure, shoot, shoot at, take, wound, orattempt to take, kill or wound a game bird or game animal, or have in possession or control any firearm or other...

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New Mexico

It is unlawful to... Take or attempt to take game species by the aid of baiting or scenting. Knowingly take or attempt to take game species in a baited or scented area, except quail on private land. Individuals may use scent-masking agents on their person, but these agents may not be used to attract game species (pg 16)SourcePhone: 1-888-248-6866

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New York

It is illegal to hunt with the aid of bait or over any baited area when hunting big game,upland game birds, turkey or waterfowl. (pg 16) In addition to the general hunting regulations for manner of take listed on page 16, it is unlawfulto hunt big game with: The aid of a pre-established bait pile. (pg 18) Feeding deer is illegal year round. Deer can become sick or die from being artificially fed because their stomach is not used to unnatural food. Concentrating deer around food sources can also spread diseases like CWD. (pg 22)SourcePhone: 518-402-8883

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North Carolina

It is unlawful to place processed food products as bait in any area of the state with an established season for taking black bears. Processed food products or any food substance or flavoring that has been modified by the addition of ingredients or by treatment to modify its chemical composition or form or to enhance its aroma or taste. This includes: food products enhanced by sugar, honey, syrups, oils, salts, spices, peanut butter, grease, meat, bones, or blood; candies, pastries, gum, and sugar blocks; and extracts of such products.The placement of commercially available mineral supplements specifically and exclusively marketed for...

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North Dakota

It is unlawful for an individual to hunt big game over bait in deer hunting units 3C west of the Missouri River, 3E1, 3E2, 3F1 and 3F2. Hunting big game over bait on all Department wildlife management areas is prohibited. Hunting over bait is defined as the placement and/or use of bait(s) for attracting big game and other wildlife to a specific location for the purpose of hunting. Baits include but are not limited to grains, minerals, salts, fruits, vegetables, hay, or any other natural or manufactured foods. The designation does not apply to the use of scents and lures,...

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Ohio

A Disease Surveillance Area (DSA) designation will remain in effect for a minimum of three years and the following regulations apply: -prohibits the placement of or use of bait (salt, minerals, or any food) to attract or feed deer within the DSA boundaries; -prohibits hunting of deer by the aid of bait within the DSA boundaries-Normal agricultural activities, including feeding of domestic animals; as well as hunting deer over food plots, naturally occurring or cultivated plants, and agriculture crops are not prohibited. (pg 9) A DEER HUNTER CAN DO THE FOLLOWING: Hunt deer over bait, except on public landand in the Disease...

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Oklahoma

Baiting is prohibited in the Oklahoma Land Access Program. (pg 40) DEPARTMENT-MANAGED AREA RULES:It shall be unlawful to place and/or hunt over bait on lands owned or managed by the Department of Wildlife Conservation, including Corps lands, see U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Lands on page 44. “Bait” shall mean the placing, exposing, depositing, distributing or scattering of shelled, shucked or unshucked corn, wheat or other grain or other feed. (pg 42) BAITING ON ODWC OWNED AND/OR MANAGED LANDS: *Legal Examples: *-Salt or mineral blocks-Commercial scents such as doe in estrous*Illegal Examples: *-Salt or mineral blocks containing corn, oats or other...

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Oregon

“Bait” for hunting game mammals means any substance placed to attract an animal by its sense of smell or taste, including, but not limited to, food items or minerals (such as salt). Applying a scent or attractant to one’s body or clothing while worn is not baiting. (pg 94) The use of bait for hunting game mammals is prohibited on North Bank Habitat Management Area. (pg 109) SourcePhone: 503-947-6301

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Pennsylvania

Baiting is allowed in the Southeast Special Regulations Area by permit only. Elsewhere in the state, it is unlawful to hunt in or around any area where artificial or natural bait, food, hay, grain, fruit, nuts, salt, chemicals or minerals, including their residues, are used, or have been used within the past 30 days, as an enticement to lure game or wildlife regardless of the type or quantity. Hunters are responsible for ensuring that the hunting area has not been baited before they begin hunting. They should physically inspect the area and question landowners, guides and caretakers. This section does...

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Rhode Island

Feeding and baiting wildlife in the state of Rhode Island is not permitted at any time for any purposes except as defined in RIHR 9.17.L (pg 4) Prohibited Deer Hunting Activities: Feeding or baiting: the act of using, placing, giving, exposing, depositing, distributing, or scattering any material, or any act to maintain the availability of such material that attracts deer to feed on such material. (pg 13)Source No person shall feed cervids at any time in the state of Rhode Island except:-Under a license or permit issued by the Department pursuant to R.I. Gen. Laws § 20-1-18 for bona fide...

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South Carolina

Baiting or hunting deer over bait is permitted on private lands statewide. (pg 60) On all WMA lands, baiting or hunting over a baited area is prohibited. As used in this section, “bait” or “baiting” means the placing, depositing, exposing, distributing, or scattering of shelled, shucked, or unshucked corn, wheat, or other grain or other food stuffs to constitute an attraction, lure, or enticement to, on, or over any area. “Baited area” means an area where bait is directly or indirectly placed, deposited, exposed, distributed, or scattered and the area remains a baited area for ten (10) days following the...

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South Dakota

No person may place any salt or salt lick or construct, occupy or use any screen, blind, scaffold or other device at or near any salt or salt lick for the purpose of enticing or baiting big game animals to the same for the purpose of hunting, watching for or killing big game. No one may establish, utilize or maintain a bait station from Aug. 15 - Feb. 1, inclusive and from March 15 - May 31, inclusive, to attract any big game animal (including turkey). A bait station is a location where grains, fruits, vegetables, nuts, hay, minerals (including...

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Tennessee

No person shall make use of bait to take wildlife unless the bait has been removed and any electronic feeder disabled at least 10 days prior to hunting. (pg 14) Baiting: The placement or depositing of any type of food to feed or attract wildlife on WMAs, PHAs, and Refuges is prohibited. (pg 36) SourcePhone: 615-781-6580

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Texas

Bait: Minerals, vegetative material, or any other food substance placed to lure any wildlife resource. (pg 54) Baiting for game animals, nongame animals, and game birds is lawful on private property, except for turkey in certain East Texas counties and migratory game birds statewide (pg 59) SourcePhone: 512-389-4505

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Utah

There is no information on feeding or baiting deer in this years regulations. SourcePhone: 801-538-4889

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Vermont

The following means of taking big game are not allowed: baiting, snares, traps, salt licks, jacks or other lights. (pg 24) It is illegal to hunt or take any wild animal by using bait during any deer hunting season, except that trappers may use bait in taking furbearers. Bait is defined as any animal, vegetable, fruit or mineral matter placed with the intention of attracting wildlife. Artificial scents and lures are legal, provided they are not designed to be consumed by eating or licking. Deer lures containing any cervid urine, blood, gland oil, feces, or other bodily fluids, are illegal...

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Virginia

Bait shall mean any food, grain, or other consumable substance that could serve as a lure or attractant; however, crops grown for normal or accepted agriculture or wildlife management purposes, including food plots, shall not be considered as bait. (pg 14) It is unlawful too... Occupy any baited blind or other baited place for the purpose of taking or attempting to take any wild game bird or wild game animal or to put out bait or salt for the purpose of taking or killing any wild game bird or wild game animal, except for the purpose of trapping furbearing animals....

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Washington

"Bait" is any substance that could serve as a lure, food, or attraction for deer or elk. Except as otherwise provided in this section, it is unlawful to hunt for deer and elk using any type of bait placed, exposed, deposited, distributed, scattered, or otherwise used for the purpose of attracting deer or elk with the intent to hunt them, if the volume of bait accessible to wildlife exceeds 10 gallons. Bait sites of an individual license holder cannot be placed within 200 yards from another known bait site or another bait site of the same license holder. Exceptions:Hunting on...

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West Virginia

It is illegal to: -catch, kill, or attempt to do so by seine, net, bait, trap, deadfall, snare, or like device, any bear, game bird, protected bird or mammal, or wild boar.-bait or feed any wildlife on public land between September 1 and December 31 and during the spring gobbler seasons. (pg 3) Feeding and baiting of wildlife, and use of ATVs are not permitted on National Park Service property (pg 8) DEFINITIONS-Bait: any feed or edible enticement.-Baiting: the direct or indirect placing or exposing of bait so as to attract or entice wildlife to an area where hunters are attempting...

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Wisconsin

The regulations pertaining to baiting and feeding are divided into two parts of the state:• Those counties where baiting and feeding deer is prohibited.• Those counties where baiting and feeding of deer is allowed with a two-gallon limit In 2017, most CWD-affected counties will continue to implement baiting and feeding bans. However, recent rules limit the amount of time baiting and feeding are prohibited following a positive test for CWD or TB. For a current map of counties in which baiting and feeding is still prohibited, visit dnr.wi.gov and search “baiting and feeding.” Check this page frequently, as baiting and...

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Wyoming

No person shall take any big game animal over, or by the use of bait, except as follows: any legally blind person, person confined to a wheelchair, person hunting with a permit issued pursuant to W. S. § 23-3-304 (d)(iv) or any person hunting with a license issued pursuant to W. S. § 23-1-705 (j) may place a bait for big game or take a big game animal by the use of bait. (pg 5) It is illegal to... Place any bait for the purpose of taking a big game animal or knowingly take a big game animal by the...

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